Utah Valley University Herbarium

Label

 
Accession # 03858 
Family
Family - UVUAPG III FamilyCronquist FamilyA Utah Flora
Family
OrchidaceaeOrchidaceaeOrchidaceae  
Species Epipactis gigantea Douglas ex Hook.
Common name   stream orchid
Collector(s)
D.M. Barnes   s.n.  
Coll. Date 09 July 1999 
Geography United States.  Utah.  Utah County
Locality Pleasant Grove, Battle Creek Canyon, on trail to falls. 
 
Habitat Notes Quercus gambelii, Pursia mexicana, black rocky soil. 
Climate NCDC temperatures, daily high (red), daily average (green) and daily low (blue), from 1970 to 2000 at this location.   NCDC average monthly precipitation from 1970 to 2000 at this location.
Latitude Longitude 40° 22'  9" N, 111° 41'  31" W
Township Range T5S, R2E, Sec. 23  
Datum Not recorded
Uncertainty Not calculated
TRS Notes Latitude and longitude were derived from township and range information and may be
inaccurate by as much as 0.7 miles (or 4.2 miles if the section is not given).

Taxonomy


Synonyms recognized by ITIS (bold taxon is currently accepted):

     Epipactis gigantea Dougl. ex Hook.

Common Name(s): giant hellebore, giant helleborine, Heleborina gigante, stream orchid.

Taxonomic Hierarchy: (ITIS TSN=43481, click for more information and references)

        Kingdom: Plantae
            Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
                Division: Magnoliophyta
                    Class: Liliopsida
                        Subclass: Liliidae
                            Order: Orchidales
                                Family: Orchidaceae
                                    Genus: Epipactis
                                        Species: Epipactis gigantea
                                                                                            

Images

Available images of this specimen (click to view):
specimen image: 03858s1.jpg

Images of other samples of the same species:
specimen image: 03839s1.jpg 
03839
specimen image: 03859s1.jpg 
03859
specimen image: 06999s1.jpg 
06999
specimen image: 07005s1.jpg 
07005
specimen image: 11055s1.jpg 
11055
specimen image: 11829s3.jpg 
11829
specimen image: 11829d1.jpg 
11829
specimen image: 14001s1.jpg 
14001

Nearby Accessions


Other accessions in the database collected near this one:

Accession Name Dist., dir.
15444 Artemisia       "sagebrush" 2725 ft. SE
13821 Artemisia ludoviciana  var. latiloba   "Louisiana wormwood" 1.8 mi. N
02224 Astragalus utahensis      "Utah milkvetch" 1 mi. E
15254 Betula occidentalis      "water birch" 2089 ft. SE
14081 Brickellia californica      "California brickellbush" 1272 ft. W
15252 Brickellia californica      "California brickellbush" 558 ft. S
13822 Bromus carinatus      "California brome" 1.8 mi. N
02216 Ceanothus velutinus      "snowbrush ceanothus" 1 mi. W
02307 Ceanothus velutinus      "snowbrush ceanothus" 1 mi. W
15250 Celtis reticulata     same section
15251 Cercocarpus ledifolius      "curl-leaf mountain mahogany" same section
02320 Cercocarpus montanus      "alderleaf mountain mahogany" 1 mi. E
02213 Cercocarpus montanus      "alderleaf mountain mahogany" 1 mi. E
15353 Chrysothamnus nauseosus      "rubber rabbitbrush" same section
15356 Chrysothamnus nauseosus      "rubber rabbitbrush" same section
00248 Clematis occidentalis  var. grosseserrata   "purple virgins-bower" 1.4 mi. NE
15351 Clematis orientalis      "Oriental virgins-bower" same section
03822 Clematis orientalis      "Oriental virgins-bower" same section
03821 Clematis orientalis      "Oriental virgins-bower" same section
15249 Clematis orientalis      "Oriental virgins-bower" same section
15273 Clematis orientalis      "Oriental virgins-bower" 2479 ft. SE
13825 Delphinium nuttallianum      "meadow larkspur" 1.8 mi. N
00310 Disporum trachycarpum     1 mi. E
03859 Epipactis gigantea      "stream orchid" same section
04728 Eragrostis cilianensis      "stinkgrass" 2 mi. N
03874 Eriogonum brevicaule  var. brevicaule   "short-stemmed wild buckwheat" same section
02308 Eriogonum heracleoides      "parsnip-flowered wild buckwheat" 1 mi. W
15445 Gutierrezia sarothrae      "common snakeweed" 2725 ft. SE
15255 Holodiscus dumosus      "mountainspray" 578 ft. S
15355 Juniperus scopulorum      "Rocky Mountain juniper" same section
13817 Lathyrus lanszwertii  var. pallescens   "pale Lanszwert's vetchling" 1.8 mi. N
13818 Lathyrus pauciflorus  var. utahensis   "Utah few-flowered pea" 1.8 mi. N
14036 Lithospermum arvense     1.1 mi. E
04727 Lolium perenne      "perennial ryegrass" 2.2 mi. NE
14037 Lonicera tatarica      "Tatarian honeysuckle" 1.1 mi. E
13816 Lupinus sericeus  var. sericeus   "silky lupine" 1.8 mi. N
04712 Malva neglecta      "common mallow" 2.2 mi. NE
13831 Monolepis nuttalliana      "Nuttall's povertyweed" 1.8 mi. N
13820 Osmorhiza depauperata      "bluntseed sweetroot" 1.8 mi. N
13819 Osmorhiza occidentalis      "western sweetroot" 1.8 mi. N
04711 Panicum miliaceum      "broomcorn millet" 2.2 mi. NE
13827 Penstemon cyananthus  var. cyananthus   "Wasatch beardtongue" 1.8 mi. N
03860 Penstemon sepalulus      "littlecup beardtongue" same section
13828 Phacelia hastata  var. alpina   "alpine silverleaf scorpionweed" 1.8 mi. N
13823 Poa bulbosa      "bulbous bluegrass" 1.8 mi. N
04710 Polygonum aviculare      "creeping knotweed" 2.2 mi. NE
04709 Polygonum convolvulus      "black bindweed" 2.2 mi. NE
15269 Rhus trilobata      "skunkbush sumac" 2479 ft. SE
15354 Salix       "willow" same section
15256 Sambucus cerulea     2059 ft. SE
15352 Sambucus cerulea     same section
03857 Sedum lanceolatum      "spearleaf stonecrop" same section
08014 Toxicodendron rydbergii      "western poison ivy" 2335 ft. SE
15357 Toxicodendron rydbergii      "western poison ivy" same section
13826 Valeriana occidentalis      "western valerian" 1.8 mi. N
13829 Viola adunca      "hook-spur violet" 1.8 mi. N
14080 Zauschneria latifolia     1296 ft. W

Locale


Nearby locations from the USGS Geographic Name Information System (GNIS) database:

Name County Dist., dir. Elevation (ft.) 7.5' Quad Name
North Fork Battle Creek (Stream) Utah County, UT 0.6 mi. E   Timpanogos Cave 
Battle Creek Debris Basin Reservoir (Reservoir) Utah County, UT 0.7 mi. SW 5227  Orem 
Battle Creek Debris Basin Dam (Dam) Utah County, UT 0.7 mi. SW 5227  Orem 
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Church) Utah County, UT 1.2 mi. SW 4948  Orem 
Grove Creek Debris Basin Reservoir (Reservoir) Utah County, UT 1.2 mi. W 5036  Orem 
Grove Creek Debris Basin Dam (Dam) Utah County, UT 1.2 mi. W 5036  Orem 
Squaw Hollow (Valley) Utah County, UT 1.5 mi. S   Orem 
Big Baldy (Summit) Utah County, UT 1.4 mi. E 8616  Orem 
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Church) Utah County, UT 1.6 mi. SW 4771  Orem 
Valley View School (School) Utah County, UT 1.7 mi. SW 4767  Orem 
Battle Creek (Stream) Utah County, UT 1.6 mi. W   Timpanogos Cave 
Sumac Hollow (Valley) Utah County, UT 2.2 mi. S   Orem 
Grove Creek (Stream) Utah County, UT 1.7 mi. W   Timpanogos Cave 
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Church) Utah County, UT 2.3 mi. S 4813  Orem 
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Church) Utah County, UT 1.8 mi. W 4813  Orem 
KPGR-FM (Pleasant Grove) (Tower) Utah County, UT 1.8 mi. W 4734  Orem 
Pleasant Grove High School (School) Utah County, UT 1.9 mi. W 4708  Orem 
Sagebrush Flat (Flat) Utah County, UT 2.6 mi. N 7756  Timpanogos Cave 
Lindon School (School) Utah County, UT 2.4 mi. SW 4725  Orem 
Indian Trail (Trail) Utah County, UT 2 mi. E 7376  Orem 

Links

Taxon Links for species Epipactis gigantea  Douglas ex Hook.

CalPhotos, Berkeley Digital Library Project

CNPS Manual of California Vegetation Database

USDA Plants database
University of Washington Herbarium: Plants of Washington (images)

Texas A&M University: Image Library (images)

Lady Bird Johnson's Wildflower Center

Google Images

External link to this species in the UVU Herbarium:
http://herbarium.UVU.edu/virtual/search.asp?taxon=Epipactis+gigantea

Zooming out might reveal more collections in other states.

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