Utah Valley University Herbarium

Label

 
Accession # 14001 
Family
Family - UVUAPG III FamilyCronquist FamilyA Utah Flora
Family
OrchidaceaeOrchidaceaeOrchidaceae  
Species Epipactis gigantea Douglas ex Hook.
Common name   giant helleborine
Collector(s)
J.G. Harris   4744  
   with D.L. Taylor
Coll. Date 02 May 2008 
Country
State/Province
County
United States
Utah
Grand County
Locality Labryinth Canyon of the Green River, ca 2.55 km downstream from Trin-Alcove Bend;
     Elev.: 3985 ft. (1215 m.)
Habitat Notes Navajo Sandstone Formation; wet seep line near river level. 
Climate NCDC temperatures, daily high (red), daily average (green) and daily low (blue), from 1970 to 2000 at this location.   NCDC average monthly precipitation from 1970 to 2000 at this location.
Latitude Longitude 38° 42'  55" N, 110° 5'  51" W
Datum WGS84 
Uncertainty Polygon diameter (with coordinate as origin): GPS
Georef. Notes This coordinate was obtained by a GPS unit and an error estimate was not recorded by the user. However due to the accuracy of most units, a polygon diameter between 25 and 250 meters could reasonably be assumed.

Taxonomy


Synonyms recognized by ITIS (bold taxon is currently accepted):

     Epipactis gigantea Dougl. ex Hook.

Common Name(s): giant hellebore, giant helleborine, Heleborina gigante, stream orchid.

Taxonomic Hierarchy: (ITIS TSN=43481, click for more information and references)

        Kingdom: Plantae
            Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
                Division: Magnoliophyta
                    Class: Liliopsida
                        Subclass: Liliidae
                            Order: Orchidales
                                Family: Orchidaceae
                                    Genus: Epipactis
                                        Species: Epipactis gigantea
                                                                                            

Images

Available images of this specimen (click to view):
specimen image: 14001s1.jpg

Images of other samples of the same species:
specimen image: 03839s1.jpg 
03839
specimen image: 03858s1.jpg 
03858
specimen image: 03859s1.jpg 
03859
specimen image: 06999s1.jpg 
06999
specimen image: 07005s1.jpg 
07005
specimen image: 11055s1.jpg 
11055
specimen image: 11829s4.jpg 
11829
specimen image: 11829d1.jpg 
11829

Nearby Accessions


Other accessions in the database collected near this one:

Accession Name Dist., dir.
06413 Achnatherum hymenoides      "Indian ricegrass" 1.2 mi. S
14002 Adiantum capillus-veneris      "common maidenhair fern" same section
15128 Adiantum capillus-veneris      "common maidenhair fern" 52 ft. N
06417 Amelanchier utahensis      "Utah serviceberry" 1.2 mi. S
15132 Amelanchier utahensis      "Utah serviceberry" same section
06404 Amsonia tomentosa  var. stenophylla   "woolly bluestar" 1.2 mi. S
06993 Aquilegia micrantha      "Mancos columbine" 1104 ft. W
06397 Aquilegia micrantha      "Mancos columbine" 1.2 mi. S
15135 Artemisia bigelovii      "Bigelow's sagebrush" same section
06998 Astragalus lentiginosus  var. palans   "straggling milkvetch" 1104 ft. W
07003 Astragalus mollissimus  var. thompsoniae   "Thompson's woolly milkvetch" 1104 ft. W
07772 Castilleja linariifolia      "Wyoming Indian paintbrush" 1.3 mi. S
07773 Chrysopsis villosa  var. minor   "hairy goldenaster" 1.2 mi. S
06398 Cryptantha tenuis      "slender cat's eye" 1.2 mi. S
06406 Dalea oligophylla     1.2 mi. S
07853 Dalea oligophylla     1.3 mi. S
06402 Encelia frutescens  var. resinosa   "sticky brittlebush" 1.2 mi. S
15134 Ephedra torreyana      "Torrey's ephedra" same section
06412 Ephedra torreyana      "Torrey's ephedra" 1.2 mi. S
06999 Epipactis gigantea      "giant helleborine" 1104 ft. W
15130 Epipactis gigantea      "giant helleborine" 52 ft. N
06997 Erigeron divergens  var. divergens   "spreading fleabane daisy" 1104 ft. W
15133 Eriogonum corymbosum  var. orbiculatum   "round-leaf wild buckwheat" same section
06390 Eriogonum inflatum  var. inflatum   "desert trumpet" 1.2 mi. S
06407 Fraxinus anomala      "single-leaf ash" 1.2 mi. S
15126 Fraxinus anomala      "single-leaf ash" 52 ft. N
07001 Fraxinus anomala      "single-leaf ash" 1104 ft. W
06401 Gaillardia spathulata      "Colorado Plateau blanketflower" 1.2 mi. S
07000 Glycyrrhiza lepidota      "American licorice" 1104 ft. W
06403 Haplopappus rusbyi      "Rusby's goldenbush" 1.2 mi. S
06405 Hymenopappus filifolius  var. cinereus   "common woollywhite" 1.2 mi. S
07002 Hymenoxys acaulis  var. ivesiana   "Ives' four-nerve daisy" 1104 ft. W
06399 Ipomopsis congesta  var. frutescens   "ball-headed gilia" 1.2 mi. S
06996 Ipomopsis roseata      "rosy gilia" 1104 ft. W
06415 Juncus arcticus  subsp. littoralis   "mountain rush" 1.2 mi. S
07854 Oxytenia acerosa      "copperweed" 1.3 mi. S
06414 Panicum virgatum      "switchgrass" 1.2 mi. S
15129 Plantago major      "common plantain" 52 ft. N
06411 Plantago patagonica      "Patagonia plantain" 1.2 mi. S
06410 Polypogon monspeliensis      "rabbit's foot grass" 1.2 mi. S
06416 Populus deltoides  var. fremontii   "Fremont's cottonwood" 1.2 mi. S
14004 Potentilla norvegica  var. hirsuta   "Norwegian cinquefoil" same section
06994 Primula specuicola      "cave-dwelling primrose" 1104 ft. W
15136 Quercus x welshii  hybrid [gambelii x havardii]  same section
06408 Rhus aromatica  var. simplicifolia   "skunkbush sumac" 1.2 mi. S
15131 Salix exigua      "narrow-leaf willow" 52 ft. N
06400 Senecio multilobatus      "lobeleaf groundsel" 1.2 mi. S
06396 Stephanomeria tenuifolia  var. tenuifolia   "narrow-leaf wirelettuce" 1.2 mi. S
15127 Tamarix chinensis      "five-stamen tamarisk" 52 ft. N
06995 Veronica anagallis-aquatica      "water speedwell" 1104 ft. W
06409 Xylorhiza glabriuscula  var. linearifolia   "Moab woody aster" 1.2 mi. S

Locale


Nearby locations from the USGS Geographic Name Information System (GNIS) database:

Name County Dist., dir. Elevation (ft.) 7.5' Quad Name
Junes Bottom (Bend) Emery County, UT 1773 ft. SE 4003  Tenmile Point 
Trin-Alcove Bend (Bend) Grand County, UT 1.2 mi. W 4124  Tenmile Point 
Bull Bottom (Bend) Emery County, UT 1.6 mi. N 4088  Tenmile Point 
Three Canyon (Valley) Emery County, UT 1.4 mi. SW   Moonshine Wash 
Tenmile Point (Ridge) Grand County, UT 2 mi. E 4351  Tenmile Point 
Red Wash (Valley) Grand County, UT 2.9 mi. N   Green River SE 
Bull Hollow (Valley) Emery County, UT 3 mi. S   Moonshine Wash 
White Wash (Valley) Grand County, UT 3.3 mi. N   Dee Pass 
Moonshine Wash (Valley) Emery County, UT 3.3 mi. NW   Jacks Knob 
Chaffin Ranch (Locale) Emery County, UT 3.7 mi. N 4016  Horse Bench East 
San Rafael River (Stream) Emery County, UT 4.2 mi. N   Hadden Holes 
Tenmile Bottom (Bend) Grand County, UT 4.2 mi. SE 3977  Tenmile Point 
Ruby Ranch (Locale) Grand County, UT 4.5 mi. N 4003  Green River SE 
Tenmile Canyon (Valley) Grand County, UT 4.3 mi. SE   Dee Pass 
Keg Spring Bottom (Bend) Emery County, UT 4.3 mi. SE 3983  Tenmile Point 
San Rafael Valley (Valley) Emery County, UT 4.4 mi. NW   Horse Bench West 
Keg Spring Canyon (Valley) Emery County, UT 5.3 mi. S   Bowknot Bend 
Hey Joe Canyon (Valley) Grand County, UT 5.9 mi. SE   Tenmile Point 
Saucer Basin (Basin) Emery County, UT 5.5 mi. SW 4610  Moonshine Wash 
Hey Joe Mine (Mine) Grand County, UT 6.1 mi. SE 4196  Tenmile Point 

Links

Taxon Links for species Epipactis gigantea  Douglas ex Hook.

CalPhotos, Berkeley Digital Library Project

CNPS Manual of California Vegetation Database

USDA Plants database
University of Washington Herbarium: Plants of Washington (images)

Texas A&M University: Image Library (images)

Lady Bird Johnson's Wildflower Center

Google Images

External link to this species in the UVU Herbarium:
http://herbarium.UVU.edu/virtual/search.asp?taxon=Epipactis+gigantea

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